Introduction back to top The lecture began with a discussion of the nature of the Nazi regime: Was it to use three different models historians have proposed "intentionalist," "functionalist," or "structuralist"? In the first, Hitler's will and goals have causal primacy, while in the second relatively spontaneous solutions to problems implemented by opportunistic bureaucrats are primary. In the third, competition between state and Nazi party bureaucracies and among the members of Hitler's inner circle plays the crucial role.
See Article History Ethnic cleansing, the attempt to create ethnically homogeneous geographic areas through the deportation or forcible displacement of persons belonging to particular ethnic groups. Ethnic cleansing sometimes involves the removal of all physical vestiges of the targeted group through the destruction of monuments, cemeteries, and houses of worship.
The term ethnic cleansing, a literal translation of the Serbo-Croatian phrase etnicko ciscenje, was widely employed in the s though the term first appeared earlier to describe the brutal treatment of various civilian groups in the conflicts that erupted upon the disintegration of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The term also has been attached to the treatment by Indonesian militants of the people of East Timormany of whom were killed or forced to abandon their homes after citizens there voted in favour of independence inand to the plight of Chechens who fled Grozny and other areas of Chechnya following Russian military operations against Chechen separatists during the s.
According to a report issued by the United Nations UN secretary-general, the frequent occurrence of ethnic cleansing in the s was attributable to the nature of contemporary armed conflicts, in which civilian casualties and the destruction of civilian infrastructure are not simply by-products of war, but the consequence of the deliberate targeting of non-combatants….
Ethnic cleansing as a concept has generated considerable controversy. Some critics see little difference between it and genocide.
Defenders, however, argue that ethnic cleansing and genocide can be distinguished by the intent of the perpetrator: Another major controversy concerns the question of whether or not ethnic cleansing originated in the 20th century.
Some scholars have pointed to the forced resettlement of millions of people by the Assyrians in the 9th and 7th centuries bc as perhaps the first cases of ethnic cleansing. Among other examples cited are the mass execution of Danes by the English inattempts by the Czechs to rid their territories of Germans in the Middle Ages, the expulsion of Jews from Spain in the 15th century, and the forced displacement of Native Americans by white settlers in North America in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Others argue that ethnic cleansing, unlike earlier acts of forced resettlement, is the result of certain uniquely 20th-century developments, such as the rise of powerful nation-states fueled by nationalist and pseudoscientific racist ideologies in conjunction with the spread of advanced technology and communications.
Because many men in victimized populations left their families and communities to join resistance groups once violence began, women and children were often defenseless. Victims of ethnic cleansing at the Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, Ger.
The significant difference between the two remains, however: Despite continuing controversies over its definition, the concept of ethnic cleansing has become firmly anchored within international law. It remains to be seen how mechanisms to prevent and deal with ethnic cleansing will develop and be implemented.Generalplan Ost (GPO) (English: Master Plan East) was a secret Nazi German plan for the colonization of Central and Eastern Europe.
Implementing it would have necessitated genocide  and ethnic cleansing on a vast scale to be undertaken in the European territories occupied by Germany during World War II. In short, between mid-September and mid-October , Nazi plans for the ethnic cleansing of the Third Reich of Jews and “Gypsies” had taken shape in the form of a vast deportation program to the Lublin district.
Barely was the implementation of the Nisko Plan underway when it was abruptly aborted. Generally, ethnic cleansing is considered distinct from genocide. The goal of genocide is the systematic elimination (murder) of an entire ethnic or religious group; the intention of ethnic cleansing is the displacement or expulsion of the offending party.
While the term 'ethnic cleansing' may be relatively new, its concept goes back thousands of years.
Through this quiz and worksheet, you'll check your understanding of ethnic cleansing and genocide, and when in history these tactics were used. Hi Adolf Hitler (Abril 20, ha Braunau am Inn, Austria - Abril 30, ha Berlin) amo an usa ka politiko han Alemanya.
Hiya an naging tagdumara han partido Nazi. Naging Chancellor hiya han Alemanya ha tuig Naging diktador naman hiya han Alemanya ha tuig Alternate history maps of America Alternate of an Alternate by Alt-Reality Harry Turtledove Southern Victory? A fan map of Harry Turtledove's series - pondering what could have happened had the CSA won WWI.
Ethnic Cleansing Of Germans After Surviving German refugees from the "death march" from Lodz. Territorial Expansion Hitlers German.